|Monthly Weather Summary|
Monthly Weather Summary
NATIONAL METEOROLOGICAL SERVICE OF BELIZE
Skies were cloudy (with layered clouds) over coastal and mainland areas in early January. A surface low (1016hPa) was over the southern Gulf of Mexico as a stationary front extended from the Florida Straits to the southeast Gulf of Mexico to the same surface low. The surface flow over Belize was a light east to northeasterly for the first two days in the month. More showers occurred over northern and central Belize. On Friday (3rd) a cold front extended southern Florida to the northwest Yucatan Peninsula and the Bay of Campeche. A strong continental surface high (1035hPa) was centered over Texas. The high and the advancing cold front produced a northerly to northwesterly surface flow. Skies remained cloudy on Saturday (4th) as the front became stationary from the Bahamas across central Cuba to the coast ofBelize. The front eventually crossed northern and coastal Belize The surface flow remained northerly during Saturday. Sunday's weather was cool.
Monday's weather continued cool and windy especially during the night. Windy and rainy weather prevailed on Tuesday (7th) morning.San Pedro, Ambergris Cay reported gusts to 32kts while Cay Caulker recorded gusts to near 28kts.Many stations recorded noticeably cooler temperatures during Tuesday. The cold front, which crossed Belize late Monday night, extended from the Bahamas to western Cuba then to the north coast of Honduras early on Tuesday. Skies remained cloudy to overcast Tuesday night into on Wednesday (8th) morning. Surface winds continued gusty from the north and northwest as light rain occurred over central, southern and coastal areas. As the front became stationary over the Bay Islands, Honduras periods of light rain occurred over coastal areas. Showers occurred over northern and coastal Belize. As the stationary front drifted back to the southeast Gulf of Mexico, a surface trough was noted over the Yucatan Straits to the Gulf of Honduras. The surface trough appeared on satellite imagery as a ragged cluster of layered clouds east of Belize.Layered clouds increases along coastal Belize late on Friday. Saturday's weather was generally good as a light east to southeasterly flow prevailed. The flow backed to east on Sunday resulting in a brief increase in coastal showers.
Monday's weather turned out pleasant as an Atlantic high pressure ridge extended its influence across Florida to the southeast Gulf of Mexico. Weather charts defined a cold front over the northwest Gulf of Mexico at midday. Lots of layered clouds covered the skies on Tuesday (13th) at the low levels. Water vapour imagery showed an extensive canopy of dry air covered Belize, Central America and the entire Caribbean. By Tuesday evening the cold front was over the northwest corner of the Yucatan Peninsula. The front invaded further south across the Yucatan Peninsula on Wednesday morning. Overcast skies and gusty surface winds prevailed during the morning. During the afternoon, extended periods of rain showers occurred over coastal, central and southern portions of the country. Weather charts depicted a secondary front aligned northeast-southwest across the central Gulf of Mexico. The secondary cold front reached northern Belize Thursday morning while a strong high pressure ridge pumped a cool and dry northwesterly flow across Belize and the region. The day turned out sunny and dry. During Friday morning the secondary front merged with the stationary front aligned from eastern Cuba to the coast of Nicaragua. A high pressure ridge with center over the central Gulf extended south across Belize to Honduras. The ridge supported a very cool northerly to northwesterly surface flow over Belize and coastal waters. Some of the coldest temperatures for the month were registered Friday morning(17th). Another front appeared over the northern Gulf of Mexico late Friday, as the high pressure ridge ensured a cool and mostly dry weather. Skies remained consistently cloudy with layered Sc and Ac clouds. Light rain occurred over the sea during Saturday. Towards sunset some of the showers reached some coastal areas. The cold front over the northern Gulf of Mexico crossed western Cuba late Saturday. During Sunday, cloudy skies and light showers persisted for some coastal areas. The high pressure influence was still the dominant factor in our airflow and weather.
The following Monday (20th) the surface high (1023hPa) was situated over the central Gulf of Mexico behind a cold front that stretched from southern Florida to the southeast Gulf of Mexico. At day's end the surface high weakened as its center dropped to the southern Gulf of Mexico. Another cold front entered the northwest Gulf of Mexico on Tuesday (21st). During the afternoon, the cold front stretched from northwest Florida to the Bay of Campeche. Very little precipitation was associated with this front as it crossed Belize Wednesday (22nd) afternoon. This front merged with a previous front that was stationary from eastern Cuba to the coast of Nicaragua. A complex of high pressure ridges over the southern United States ensured our weather remained generally cloudy and cool. The surface flow remained northerly to northwesterly for most days. On Thursday (23rd) a surface trough (the tail end of previous cold front) extended from eastern Cuba west southwest to northern Belize. As a result quite a few showers occurred over northern Belize. Much more rainfall occurred on Friday (24th) as the surface trough (shear line) remained in much the same position. Abundant moisture over western Caribbean, Belize and Central America aided the significantly higher rainfall for central, coastal and southern Belize Friday afternoon and evening. Weather charts defined a cold front strung across the central and western Gulf of Mexico at the start of the final weekend in January. The high pressure ridge located behind the front was a strong (1040hPa).Showers occurred over several portions of the central and coastal Belize during Saturday afternoon, including the International Airport as a light northeasterly airflow developed. Skies remained cloudy on Sunday, though showers remained well offshore Belize. A surface trough (remnants) of a previous front) was located over r the northwest Caribbean.
Our weather turned out mostly sunny at the start of the final week in January. The surface flow was east to southeasterly. On Wednesday (29th) the Belize radar defined a few showers over southern and central coastal Belize. Savannah (SVH) in the Stann Creek district recorded 35.3mm of rainfall. During the afternoon cloudiness increased over inland Belize. The Belize radar detected moderate to intense showers over central Belize. A cold front, which had been heading across the Gulf of Mexico earlier in the week, reached the northwest Yucatan Peninsula and the eastern Bay of Campeche before becoming stationary. Twin high pressure centers (1030hPa) one over Louisiana and the other over northeast Mexico produced ridging across southern Mexico and Belize during Thursday. Our weather turned out cloudy and cool with very few showers observed. On Friday (31st) weather conditions turned out mostly sunny, though light showers occurred over the northern and inland areas in the afternoon as a result of a weak surface trough situated over the northwest Caribbean.
Click on the map links below for summary maps of rainfall and temperature(minimum and maximum) for January,2014:
Click on the map links below for summary maps of the mean rainfall and temperature(minimum and maximum) for January: